An Epidemiologic Study on Emergency Department Mortality
Introduction: Epidemiologic evaluation generally starts with recording the raw data regarding mortality, and healthcare managers should have a national plan executed for this purpose. Objective: The present study was planned and performed with the aim of epidemiologically evaluating mortality cases among patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) of a major hospital in Tehran, Iran in order to plan and provide proper equipment for decreasing the mortality of patients. Method: This cross-sectional study was performed in Shohadaye Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Iran. All cases of mortality, recorded in the ED of the studied hospital from 20 March 2016 until 21 June 2016, were included in the study. A checklist was prepared for gathering data and the clinical profiles of all the considered patients were reviewed. Using this checklist, demographic data, chief complaint, history of underlying disease, pathologic findings of imaging modalities, and cause of death were extracted from the patients’ profiles. Result: Over the mentioned period of time, in total, the data of 8420 admissions to the ED were recorded. Out of these patients, 76 (0.9%) had died, the mean age of whom was 67.66 ± 21.40 years. Based on these findings, among patients who had presented to the ED, 42.1% died due to the complications of heart attack and 13.2% died from complications caused by cancer. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, cardiovascular complications were the most leading cause of mortality in the studied ED and complications resulting from malignancy were in the second place. Trauma and accidents leading to intracranial hemorrhage were in the next places.
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