Use of Health Information Technology in Patient Care Management: a Mixed Method Study in Iran

  • Hesamedin Askari-Majdabadi ORCID Nursing Care Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
  • Ali Valinejadi ORCID Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
  • Ali Mohammadpour ORCID Health Information Technology Department, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • Hamid Bouraghi ORCID Health Information Technology Department, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • Zahra Abbasy ORCID Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Sefollah Alaei ORCID Mail Nursing Care Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Keywords:
Hospital Units, Information Technology, Iran, Medical Informatics, Nursing, Supervisory

Abstract

Introduction: New computerized system, including health information technologies (HITs), plays an important role in the efficacy of management and nursing care services. Objective: This study was aimed to determine the use of HIT in patient care management, in a case study in Iran. Methods: This mixed method study was conducted in 2018 at the Kowsar Hospital of Semnan, Iran. Data collection was performed, using an observational checklist, and a questionnaire, including two main parts, one demographic and other assessment of information technology (IT) application in the care management of inpatients. The researcher prepared the questionnaire and its validity was verified. The data were organized and analyzed in the form of a descriptive analytic report. In the process of data collection 10 participants, including nurses, head nurses, physicians, radiology experts and IT managers were interviewed, and data analysis was performed, using conventional content analysis. Results: Nurses were satisfied with the computerized system and believed it can expedite the job. From the nurse’s viewpoint, the most common use of the HIT was to have access (observation) to patient admission and discharge information (100%), providing medicine and equipment, and transfer of patients (92.3%). The least use of IT was the retrieval of evidence in the care process (0%), and judgment and analysis related to radiological diagnostic procedures (0%). The potential of electronic record is still not applicable. Conclusion: Use of modern information and communication technology in hospitals facilitates access and transfer of information, and also accelerates patient’s admission and discharge process, relation between hospital units, simplifying the administration of current affairs and providing the necessary medical supplies and diagnostic procedures. However, modifying organizational policies improves the infrastructure, and enhances nurses' motivation in documentation of nursing reports, which can be effective in increasing the impact of IT in care management processes, especially in electronic record and nurse’s clinical judgment and evidence-based care.

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Published
2019-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Askari-Majdabadi H, Valinejadi A, Mohammadpour A, Bouraghi H, Abbasy Z, Alaei S. Use of Health Information Technology in Patient Care Management: a Mixed Method Study in Iran. Adv J Emerg Med. 4(3):e71.
Section
Original article