Old and New Concepts in Brain Death: A Medico-Legal Overview

  • Zahid Hussain Khan ORCID Mail Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Dehghan-Tezerjani ORCID Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Milad Minagar ORCID Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Brain Death, Legislation and Jurisprudence, Patient Selection

Abstract

Although brain death has been extensively dealt within the contemporary literature, there does exist some ambiguities regarding its definition, clinical criteria, ethical and religious perspectives. The neurological criteria helped in subduing the much talked about issues of whole brain death and brainstem death to a greater extent, but the recently introduced cardiac or circulation death made the issue of brain death more complicated and indeed a conundrum. We would touch upon brain death issues since the terminology was initially introduced till the present day when the cardiac death connivingly made its way as a means of organ procurement in the so called dead patients. This review article is the authors' own perception and understanding of the conundrum of brain death, and should not be misinterpreted as a narrative or a systematic review of the subject. In conclusion, this review aims at filling the void that exists about the criteria for brain death in the contemporary literature.

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Published
2020-02-15
How to Cite
1.
Khan ZH, Dehghan-Tezerjani M, Minagar M. Old and New Concepts in Brain Death: A Medico-Legal Overview. Adv J Emerg Med. 4(4):e92.
Section
Review article