A Rare Case of Sickle Cell Anemia Crisis Triggered by Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

  • Sema Avci ORCID Mail Department of Emergency Medicine, Niger-Turkey Friendship Hospital, Niamey, Niger
  • Larwanou Harouna Magagi ORCID Department of Microbiology, Niger-Turkey Friendship Hospital, Niamey, Niger
  • Ali Amadou ORCID Department of Microbiology, Niger-Turkey Friendship Hospital, Niamey, Niger
  • Alio Abarchi ORCID Department of Microbiology, Niger-Turkey Friendship Hospital, Niamey, Niger

Abstract

Malaria is a common public health problem in Sub-Saharan African countries such as Niger and one child dies every two minutes due to this disease. Although the defense mechanism is not clear, sickle cells are 90% protective especially for Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In Niger, malaria is among the first to be considered in patients admitted to the emergency departments (EDs) with high fever. It is important for physicians to resolve the clinical manifestation in a patient who admits due to acute abdominal pain and high fever in a hospital with limited facilities. Failure to provide information about the patient’s history and admission to the ED alone led to a delay of diagnosis and treatment of this rare coexistence.

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References

1. Eleonore NL, Cumber SN, Charlotte EE, Lucas EE, Edgar MM, Nkfusai CN, et al. Malaria in patients with sickle cell anaemia: burden, risk factors and outcome at the Laquintinie hospital, Cameroon. BMC Infect Dis. 2020;20(1):40.
2. Moiz B, Majeed A. No risk reduction for Plasmodium vivax malaria in sickle cell disease. Clin Case Rep. 2018;6(6):1187-8.
3. Gupta NK, Gupta M. Sickle cell anemia with malaria: a rare case report. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2014;30(1):38-40.
Published
2020-04-06
How to Cite
1.
Avci S, Magagi LH, Amadou A, Abarchi A. A Rare Case of Sickle Cell Anemia Crisis Triggered by Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria. Adv J Emerg Med. 4(4):e81.
Section
Letter to the editor