The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Health Care Providers; What Does It Mean Psychologically?
In late 2019, the COVID-19 epidemic began in Wuhan, China, which quickly spread around the world, becoming an international concern and pandemic. As with previous SARS and Influenza H1N1 pandemics, medical staffs providing services to patients are exposed to increased levels of mental stress. This review article introduces these symptoms based on the experience of previous pandemics and the data available on COVID-19 pandemic, introducing the underlying and protective factors against mental distress. Evidence suggests that levels of stress, depression and anxiety symptoms increase in health care providers. Moreover, these symptoms are more common in women, nurses, and people who are at the frontline of providing health care services for COVID-19 patients. Given the need to pay attention to maintain and promote the mental health of medical workers to provide effective services, this review offers suggestions to the effective management of these conditions at the individual and organizational levels.
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